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Geothermal heat pump systems are probably the most important renewable heating and cooling technology for homes in New York. Geothermal heat pumps function by using the constant temperature of soil below the frost line to provide heating in the winter or as a sink for cooling in the summer. Our region has an excellent geothermal resource, and like solar, this resource is widely distributed.
The heat pump is familiar refrigeration technology, and it uses one unit of electricity to extract 3-5 units of heat from the ground. This ability gives these systems an effective efficiency of 300 to 500 percent, which is also referred to as a coefficient of performance (COP). For reference, this would be compared to a high-efficiency condensing boiler's efficiency of 96%. Geothermal systems can typically meet 70 to 100 percent of a client's current building heating, cooling, and domestic hot water (DHW) needs.
Looking to learn more about the benefits of geothermal heating or any of our other alternative energy solutions? Contact Halco today for a free geothermal system installation quote in Rochester, Ithaca, Syracuse, Webster, Auburn, Fairport, Pittsford, Cortland, Canandaigua, and the surrounding areas!
Benefits of a Geothermal Heat Pump System
Lower utility bills. Replacing an older HVAC system with a geothermal heat pump can cut your HVAC costs by as much as 60%.
“Free” hot water. A geothermal system may also be used to heat water for washing, eliminating the need for a separate water heater, scoring additional energy savings.
Lower environmental impact. You’re not burning gas or fuel oil to provide heat and hot water.
Quiet. An air-source heat pump has an outdoor compressor and fan. With a geothermal pump, the noise of these components is eliminated.
Tax incentives & rebates. Federal and (in some cases) local renewable energy incentives can offset the cost of a new geothermal heat pump. (For up-to-date details, go to www.dsireusa.org.)
How a geothermal heat pump works
In many ways, a geothermal heat pump (GHP) works just like an air-source heat pump. It’s an electrically powered device that pumps a refrigerant compound through compression and evaporation cycles in order to move heat from one location to another. (Your refrigerator also works like this.) The main difference is that a GHP uses the ground (not the air) as the heat source and heat sink.
At a depth of 6 ft. or more below the earth’s surface, the soil temperature will always be between 45 and 75 degrees, whether it’s summer or winter, whether you’re in Florida or New York. An air-source heat pump becomes inefficient at supplying heat when outside temperatures drop below freezing. This never happens with a GHP; that’s why a GHP can operate at very high efficiency all year long.
Principle components of a system include earth or ground loops, the heat pump (including a compressor, condenser, and evaporator), a buffer tank with a heat exchanger or air handler, and monitoring system. The monitoring system should include a BTU meter (flow meter and temperature sensors), a digital electrical meter, and integrating software/data logger with web interface.
For a free consultation on our solar heating system or any of our renewable energy options, or to schedule a geothermal heat system estimate, call Halco at 1-833-844-2622 or contact us online. We proudly service throughout The Finger Lakes including Geneva, Penfield, Brockport, Hilton, Spencerport, Syracuse, Ithaca, Rochester, and more! We are the area's trusted renewable energy company.
By Connie C. Wellsburg, NY
"That he was the first person knowledgeable and had understanding,of what..."
Since this long, hard winter has greatly increased the runtime for our system, which apparently contributed to the unexpected need for a filter replacement, we are installing a Hunter air flow monitor (the fan people), less than $10 via Amazon. You should offer these little gadgets. It's simple to install and a lot less than a service call.